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The Victorian era

What was life like in the Victorian era?

❶Poor people could work in mines, in mills and factories, or in workhouses. All of these things during the Industrial Revolution meant that lots of products could be made in the same place at the same time — this is called mass production.

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Only poor people would work in factories and mines, and both were pretty unhealthy places to be. The air would be thick with dust from the mines or from the cotton being spun for cloth, and working hours were long.

Everyone had to wear the same uniform, and breaking any rules would mean strict punishment. If you were rich, then life was completely different! Rich Victorians lived in large houses that were well heated and clean. Children got a good education either by going away to school or having a governess who taught them at home this is usually how girls were educated.

Wealthy people could also afford to buy beautiful clothes. All women in Victorian times wore dresses with long skirts, but rich women could get the latest fashions that needed special underclothes to wear properly. They wore dresses that needed hoop skirts underneath to make the dresses spread out in a dome shape around their legs.

Or, they wore skirts that lay mostly flat but that poofed out a bit around their bottom — this was called a bustle. All men, whether rich or poor, wore waistcoats. Rich men also wore top hats and carried walking sticks. Florence Nightingale — Florence was the founder of modern nursing; she knew it was important to keep hospitals clean and well-run. Joseph Lister — Lister was a surgeon who introduced the idea of keeping surgical instruments free from germs, and disinfecting wounds.

Visit Tyntesfield , a Victorian stately home in Somerset. Explore a Victorian workhouse , and learn about the people who would have lived and worked there. Visit the Victoria and Albert Museum in London to see clothes that upper class Victorians would have worn. Take a tour of the Charles Dickens museum , which is in a house where he used to live! What it was like for children working in textile factories? Find out what children in a workhouse would eat. Find out what workhouses were like for children.

What it was like to work in coal mines? Discover what Victorian schools were like. More about Victorian schools. Learn about health and medicine in Victorian times. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.

What was life like in the Victorian era? The inventions of machines in factories replaced jobs that people used to do, but people were needed to look after the machines and keep the factories clean. Factories were built in cities, so people ended up moving to the cities to get jobs. Half the population in Britain lived in cities by the end of the Victorian era. Cities became crowded, busy and dirty, but discoveries about hygiene and sanitation meant that diseases like cholera were easier to prevent.

People in the Victorian era started to use electricity for the first time , and to listen to music by playing records on the gramophone. Steam trains made travel a lot easier, and rich people started to go on holidays to the seaside in places like Blackpool and Brighton.

There was a big difference between rich and poor in Victorian times. Rich people could afford lots of treats like holidays, fancy clothes, and even telephones when they were invented. Poor people — even children — had to work hard in factories, mines or workhouses. By the end of the Victorian era, all children could go to school for free. The way we celebrate Christmas was begun in Victorian times — they sent the first Christmas cards and made Christmas crackers.

Charles Dickens was a famous Victorian author who wrote A Christmas Carol , and other books about what life was like. Things we do at Christmas today began in Victorian times! They were even the first to send Christmas cards. At the start of the Victorian era in , most people would have used candles and oil or gas lamps to light their homes and streets. By the end of the Victorian era in , electricity was available and rich people could get it in their homes.

Poor people could work in mines, in mills and factories, or in workhouses. They would have to crawl in small spaces in mines, or underneath machines in textile mills. It was very dangerous! The SS Great Britain was built — the first iron steam ship. It travelled over the Atlantic Ocean. Postage stamps were first used, and the Penny Black stamp was issued. About 5, miles of railway track was laid down, and rail travel became common.

The Mines Act said that children younger than 10 years old and also women were not allowed to work in mines. The pneumatic rubber tyre was invented. The Factories Act set limits on the amount of time women and children could work. The first public library opened in Manchester — anyone could borrow books for free.

Alfred Tennyson was named Poet Laureate. The first workhouses opened, giving poor people a place to live in exchange for their work. The Victoria and Albert museum opened in London. The first post boxes were used — painted green, not red! An outbreak of cholera in London killed 11, people. Scientist Henry Bessemer invented a quick way to convert iron to steel, which helped mass production.

The National Portrait Gallery opened in London; it was the first portrait gallery in the world. The Science Museum opened in London. A cable was laid in the Atlantic Ocean, between Ireland and Newfoundland so telegraphs could be sent between North America and Great Britain; it took a few more years to get it working properly, though.

India started to be ruled by Britain. Voting laws gave all men who paid taxes a right to vote. The houses of Parliament in London were completed they had to be rebuilt because of a fire in The penny-farthing bicycle was invented by James Starley. A drainage system in London was completed, which helped sanitation in the city.

Queen Victoria was named Empress of India. The first telephones were sold through a company named after inventor Alexander Graham Bell. Thomas Edison made the first recording on a phonograph; Queen Victoria was recorded on a phonograph in The first electric streetlights were installed in London. The Salvation Army was founded by William Booth to help the poor. The Education Act said that all children ages had to go to school.

Godalming in Surrey was the first town in the world to have an electricity supply available for everyone to use; also that year, the Savoy Theatre was the first public building in the world to be entirely lit by electricity.

The first electric railway was built in Brighton. The standard bicycle like what we use today was invented. The first motor car was built in Germany by Karl Benz. The gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner. Queen Victoria celebrated her Diamond Jubilee. The Victorian era is named after Queen Victoria , who was queen from People who lived during the Victorian era are called Victorians.

Steam trains made travel much faster for people. It used to take people 12 hours to travel between Birmingham and London if they were riding in a horse-drawn coach. Steam trains meant they could make the journey in under six hours! So many things were invented during the Victorian era — can you pick out which ones we still use today?: Telephone Telegraph Phonograph Typewriter Motor cars Bicycles Toilets Electric light bulb Steam and electric trains Rubber pneumatic tyres Sewing machines Postage stamps Radio Chocolate Easter eggs Christmas cards The Great Exhibition took place in , which was a huge collection of all kinds of inventions and art from Britain as well as places like America and Russia.

The money that was made from people paying to see the Great Exhibition was used later to build museums in London, like the Science Museum. We use electricity all the time, but it was a brand new thing to the Victorians.

A lot of world firsts happened in the UK:

When was the Victorian era?

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The Victorians lived over one hundred and fifty years ago during the reign of Queen Victoria ( to ). What does Victorian times mean? Victorian .

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When was the Victorian era? The time when Queen Victoria reigned is called the Victorian was queen from to , and a lot of things happened in Britain during that time.. During the 64 years that Queen Victoria was on the throne, Britain was also going through the Industrial Revolution.

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Primary Homework Help. Living in the Victorian era help exciting because of all the new inventions, and steam trains and steam ships making travel a lot faster clothes easier. Homework Help. Glossaries: maths, English, science Homework Gnome: History; Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Life in the Victorian era. What was life like in the Victorian era?

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Their were also milliners, glovers, and hatters would help to complete the look. Poor Victorians bought their clothes from second-hand, third and fourth-hand shops. Their clothes had previously been worn and discarded, but still . characteristics of a narrative essay lyrics word count for essays yesterday. why should not purchase research paper on the internet scientific essay biology alexander graham bell life accomplishments essay criteria for research proposal evaluation when should you start writing college essays michigan sb analysis essay lenin and philosophy and .