Farmers first settled in Egypt along the River Nile around B. Egypt is mainly made up of hot deserts and receives little rainfall. Without the River Nile, the area would be entirely desert. All of Egypt depended on the Nile for water, food and transportation. The Nile also provided the ancient Egyptians with fertile land which helped them to grow their crops and raise their animals.
Before modern dams were built the river Nile would flood each year coating the land on either side of the river with thick back mud. This mud was ideal for growing crops on. Two separate kingdoms ruled by different kings developed along the Nile River. The kingdom in Upper Egypt was known as the white crown and the kingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown.
In about B. Menes built a new capital city called Memphis. Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. Snefru had another pyramid built that did have smooth, perfectly angled sides — this is called the Red Pyramid. The Great Pyramids were built like that one. The Egyptians believed in many different gods that oversaw different parts of life. The also believed that when people died, they would enter the afterlife. This involved travelling through the underworld to get to Osiris, who was the king of the underworld.
Because of this, they thought the body should be in as good condition as possible — they believed that the soul still needed the body in the afterlife.
They realised that bodies buried without any covering in the dry, salty sand were better preserved than those buried in closed coffins. From there, they began to drying out bodies before it was buried by using a type of salt called natron. To prepare for the drying stage, the brain would be removed by inserting a hook in the nose, and organs would be taken out of the body and placed in jars.
These were called canopic jars, and each one had a different top and a special purpose:. It took 40 days to dry out the body using natron. Then, it would be wrapped in lots and lots of linen strips, using resin to hold the strips in place. Sometimes a mummy mask would be placed on the head, over the linen wrappings, and then the mummy would be put inside a wooden coffin, and maybe even a stone one as well an Egyptian coffin is also called a sarcophagus.
The coffin was painted in bright colours, with hieroglyphics on it that were meant to help the person in the afterlife. The underworld could be a dangerous place, with many obstacles that would stop you from reaching Osiris. Because of this, people were buried with specially written spells to help them combat some of these things.
Mummies also had amulets — good luck charms — to protect them on their journey. Mummies were buried with scrolls called the Book of the Dead , which explained how to go through the underworld and what spells and chants to use. The Book of the Dead was sometimes written on tomb walls too, and some scrolls had pictures. Scribes would write copies of the Book of the Dead on papyrus.
Tomb robbing was common, so sometimes pyramids would be built with false entrances to keep the real entrance hidden. Queen Hatshepsut — She was one of the first female pharaohs, and very successful. He is one of the most well-known pharaohs since his tomb was discovered in in the Valley of the Kings.
She killed herself when she knew the Romans were going to conquer Egypt in 30 BC. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.
What are pyramids and mummies? When people died, they were mummified — this process took a long time, but it prepared them for the afterlife. The Egyptians believed that there were many gods who oversaw different parts of life on earth and life after death.
Every year the water from that rain would flow downstream and eventually flood the lands of ancient Egypt. Afterward, as the waters flowed back, they left rich mud behind.
The Egyptians planted wheat and barley in the mud. They grew other fruits and vegetables using irrigation channels of water. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page.
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Easy to read information on Ancient Egypt and Ancient Egyptians to help kids do their homework.
The Ancient Egyptians helped us learn a lot about maths, medicine and farming. They also made their own paper out of reeds called papyrus, and wrote using pictures called hieroglyphics. Homework Help. Glossaries: maths, English, science Homework Gnome: History; Egyptian life and culture. Who were the Egyptians?
Pyramids and mummies What are pyramids and mummies? When people in Egypt died, they were mummified – this was a long process of preserving the body, and . Get an answer for 'How did the ancient Egyptians use geometry?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes.
The Egyptians were advanced in medicine for their time but I don't think you would like to try these cures! Daily Life, Food, Animals, Clothes What Was An Egyptian's Life Like? Interesting Fact: The Egyptians did not write vowels and did not use any punctuation. What is Egyptian writing called? The Egyptian writing called hieroglyphics used pictures to represent different objects, actions, sound or ideas.